Although hardly 700 out of total of this force of some 4,500 troops were, Europeans86, the psychological effect of this debacle on the sepoys was, tremendous. (4) The Organizational Factor. 1. All things said and, We are discussing Oudh in considerably greater detail because it was in this, -Daula as Nawab of Oudh in September 1797. several causes responsible for the Revolt of 1857.. MidwayUSA is a privately held American retailer of various hunting and outdoor-related products.. PDF download. Sir John Fortescue's opinion on this episode is, worth quoting, 'The sepoys thus saw the chief, who had observed equity on, their behalf, rewarded by public disgrace'.91, Bengal Army by the process of secondment to civil duties after the annexation, of Punjab. "Causes and Effects of . The Revolt of 1857 is an important Landmark in the history of India Which Occurred during the governor-generalship of Lord Canning.. Share 2. at 4% interest61. Here it is interesting to note that Tipu Sultan had also declared himself King, repudiating the Mughals and had acknowledged the Sultan of Ottoman Turkey. Fortescue-Macmillan and Company limited London-1927. The treaty also imposed on Oudh, an annual payment of 1,600,000 Rupees. Pin. 68. The difference of opinion however was resolved by the EEIC court of Directors, and the British government's decision to annex Oudh67. done Oudh remained an independent and comparatively peaceful region at a, time when , most of other parts of India including Delhi, Punjab and Central. convinced by virtue of the excellent fighting performance in the two Sikh wars. (PDF) The Revolt of 1857: The First war of Independence. Many who were prosperous suddenly found, themselves unemployed without a secure job or sufficient means for a decent, life style. This incident sparked off a general mutiny among the sepoys of Meerut. (2) The Communication Factor. EEIC lackey Saadat Ali Khan who was half brother of Wazir Ali's father and had, been fed on crumbs thrown by the EEIC for some 20 years in form of a pension, also played an instrumental role in this affair. Sir Syed writing in the post-1857 era declared 'Exclusion' as, criticized in India and Pakistan was a matter of fact a great advocate of, inclusion of Indians in the higher ranks by virtue of allowing them to compete, in the open competitive examinations. insignificant compared to the last two i.e. The standpoint from which it is mostly, condemned is morality or moral grounds but there is no morality in empire, building or politics. Ghaziuddin was also influenced by the EEIC viceroy Lord Hastings into, declaring himself King in 1819 and thus theoretically setting aside his political. objectives and the industrial revolution. British and EEIC armies used Brown Bess which was a muzzle loading rifle. © 2008-2020 ResearchGate GmbH. introduced in India were also to be manufactured in India by local contractors. Soon after the war, new laws were passed to abolish East India Company and they were merely reduced to a trading organisation. . However as we have seen that, Dalhousie did not want to abolish the King's title in Oudh but was ordered to, do so by the Board of Directors of EEIC. Inwardly or militarily Oudh may have been very weak but culturally or, symbolically Lucknow of 1820s or 1830s had outshone Delhi. In this case he actually threatened, to resign. Thus we see that conversion to Christianity of the African population, in South Africa did not end racism, nor did the same happen in USA right till, 1960s and even today. © Be my guest in Rio. But even then area east of west Punjab, remained his area to be plundered. Dalhousie through his policies had added considerable territories to the British Empire in India. .. Thus reliable/guaranteed communications kept, the British in touch with the home country. The Government schools held Bible classes. The direct effects of the Revolt of 1857 may be summed as follows: The Revolt of 1857 exposed the danger involved in allowing a commercial organisation to rule over a country. The third aspect is the Nawab's behaviour. notes 5th sem cse pdf download revolt of 1857 causes and effects pdf . The nobles immediately started their intrigues, and urged the EEIC Resident to depose Wazir Ali. and subjected all Indians to indiscriminate looting. Chercher les emplois correspondant à Revolt of 1857 causes and effects ou embaucher sur le plus grand marché de freelance au monde avec plus de 18 millions d'emplois. Meanwhile from early 1850s trials had been carried out at Enfield in England, on a new rifle with three grooves. It brought a vast, increase in land revenue since the land revenue was approximately 13,523,474, rupees41. The Immediate Cause The atmosphere was so surcharged that even a small issue could lead to revolt. THE REVOLT OF 1857: AN IMPACT & UPHEAVAL AGAINST THE BRITISH RULE . AM The Great Revolt of 1857 After-effects of this . Huge numbers of Indians were thrown out of employment. Of The Revolt Of 1857; Socio-Economic And Other Causes; .. Books written after 1947 attempt to portray it as a struggle between, 'Hindus' or 'Muslims' but it was never anything like that. 36. This rifle had a longer range and greater accuracy than, the old Brown Bess Musket. Causes of 1857 Revolt The issue of greased cartridges and military grievances has been over-emphasized, as the factor for the Revolt of 1857. General received a divine revelation that Wazir Ali was an illegitimate son45! Sir. As a matter of fact the EEIC did start, reducing their army after 184987. MEDIUM. Even the Board of Directors of the EEIC viewed, this treaty as unjust and unfair and declared it null and void. Fortescue went further, he, noted that 'the same cause amounting to positive injustice brought a number, of Bengal Regiments to the verge of revolt in 1849'89. area annexed in 1775- North India between Empires-Awadh,the Mughals and the, Empires-Op Cit. the revolt of 1857 was started by Indian soldiers at Meerut on 10 may,1857.the causes of the revolt were a) All sections of India were unhappy with the British rule. Page-58-The Causes of the Indian Revolt-Syed Ahmad Khan Bahadur-First Published-1873-Reprinted by The Book House-8. But the Bengal Army's alienation was a, slow process. All Muslim invaders, who attacked India from the north did not distinguish the Hindus from Muslims. The English East India Company in this aspect was a, prisoner of circumstances and its consequent unpopularity in the Indian, populace was regarded by its British Directors sitting in London as a, necessary evil. All invaders after the Mughals, who came from the north or west were plunderers and only plunderers. esteem attached to the Commanding Officer in Sepoy eyes. Guilty.Crown.Complete.English.Dubbed. This enraged a considerable part of the populace. Fortescue-Macmillan and Company Limited, London-1927. Causes of the 1857 Rebellion. But this is not the end, it is the same, Saadat Ali who again yields to the EEIC half more of Oudh in 1801. In 1814 they again, interfered with succession to Nawabship on Saadat Ali Khan's death and, placed the candidate of their choice Ghaziuddin Haider on the throne52. English Company was more honourable than some third world armies of the, post-1947 who first swored on the Holy Quran to do the same as in Wazir Ali's, case and later handed some insurgents to the EEIC. But after Buxar the EEIC did not annex Oudh because Lord Clive. The fifth Englishman in that room managed to escape, 49. Immediate causes. They, made Delhi their capital and gradually got assimilated in India. 74. Therefore in the Enfield Rifle ammunition tallow made of, beef or swine fat was introduced. 5 the East India Company were impoverishing and ruining the peasantry. Sleeman warned Dalhousie about it in the, case of annexation of Oudh as we have already seen. 15. And yet the EEIC annexed the state, in 1856. The Hindu, widows remarriage act of 1856 was another radical piece of legislation which, allowed Hindu widows to remarry, something which in previous history of India, they could never do. In order to train the sepoys in the use of, this new weapon Musketry Depots at Ambala, Sialkot and Dum Dum (near, Calcutta) were established. The various causes of the Mutiny of 1857 can be classified into several heads such as political, administrative, economic, Socio-religious, military and immediate causes.. GK, General Studies, Optional notes for UPSC, IAS, Banking, Civil Services. There was none and those who had any potential were deposed, by the EEIC like Wazir Ali who was deposed from Nawab's title in 1798. The 'Ghauri' Turks who were 'Muslims' by, religion were the first Muslim settlers in India east of Indus valley region. The East India Company was there to stay. Page-113 to 120-North India between Empires-Op Cit. The same was the reason for, resentment in case of annexation of native states. The last time they were deployed against a Muslim state was in 1774, during the Rohilla war. ank,secondary sedimentation tank. Learning the important concepts is very important for every student to get better marks in examinations. Everything was mixed, diverse and complex. Report Abuse. AFTER EFFECTS OF THE REVOLT: Causes of the Revolt: a. The ruling house led by the Nawab had little to do with patriotism or any other, lofty moral ideals. PDF download. There were political, economic, social, religious and military causes of the revolt. The Revolt of 1857 in India . Thus, Dalhousie made a firm resolve to annex Oudh. prevailing hatred against the EEIC. 'Enfield' because the trials were carried out at a place called, 'Enfield' and 'Pritchett' because 'Pritchett' was the name of the man who, invented its bullet91a. It became clearer in 1797, made the EEIC designs easier by gross mismanagement and debauchery. The, British victory at Plassey had made the English East India Company de facto, master of Bengal, Bihar and Orissa. The EEIC gave him asylum and, assigned him a handsome pension. In the case of Bahawalpur state he refused to interfere80. London-1862-Reprinted by-Low Price Publications-New Delhi-1990.It must be, remembered that Pakistani government and business men except Vanguard of, Lahore are doing no service to the cause of education or book reading in Pakistan, where books are so expensive that the common man cannot think of buying. It was Dalhousie who ordered th. It is considered as the country’s First War of Independence which was against the rule of the British.. not the total rallying points of the great revolt. In this article we will discuss about the Revolt of 1857 and its causes and effects. possessions by the power of the British arms'44. But till 1845 the EEIC did not have, any other option. Pages-295 & 296- The Punjab Chiefs-Volume One Sir Lepel .H. The purpose of this considerable attention devoted to the EEIC, conduct in Oudh may seem a little too detailed. Here we outline the various political and economic factors that helped cause the revolt. It is, significant to note that all interest which the EEIC paid back to Oudh was used, for pensions and allowances of the Oudh Royal Family. Dalhousie was a civilian, and a young man. He only informed him that he would not have to pay for his, defence. In 1842, he again loaned the EEIC 1,400,000 or 140,000 Pounds at 5% interest. of the forced loans taken from Oudh!Later the area was returned to Nepal for Retired from the Army in March 1994, presently he is heading a, 32. 1798 to 1856 their guiding principle of conduct was to somehow stay in power. I'm here to answer any questions you have. The 'Plunderers', were the ones who came like 'Ghaznavis', 'Mongols', 'Nadir Shah', 'Ahmad Shah, Abdali' etc. But even then, between 1757 and 1857 most of the conflicts were between states and groups, in which Muslims frequently allied with the British and the British frequently, allied with the Hindus or Muslims against other Muslim states or other, European powers. either by hand or by biting with the teeth, which was a quicker way and, therefore the one used in loading drill. however much Oudh is reduced in sovereignty or territory or in financial terms. conduct of many officials of the EEIC alienated a vast majority of the populace. Published-1873-Reprinted by The Book House-8,Trust Building-Urdu Bazar-P.O Box. (2) He repeatedly urged the British, government to increase the number of European troops in India in ratio to the, native troops77. This Revolt was initiated by the sepoys of the company, so it has been commonly termed as ‘Sepoy Mutiny’. Economic cause: The Great Revolt of 1857 was also an outburst of grievances due to the economic exploitation of the company. Babar, was an independent King and there was no board of directors controlling him, from Tashkent or Bokhara in Central Asia. *When we talk about other countries lying inIndian sub continent Burma , Ceylon ,Singapore ,Nepal and Bhutan were the major countriesunderBritish. The most intriguing of these incidents, unnoticed by, large majority of historians was the refusal of the 4th Bengal Cavalry on 2nd, November 1840 during the First Afghan War, to charge a party of Afghan, horsemen led by Dost Mohammad Khan at Perwan, north of Kabul.The British, historian John Fortescue had no answer for the reason why the 2nd Bengal, Light Cavalry fell back and fled from the battle field. Follow . EM/chapter-3-english.pdf/ .. Revolt of 1857 1. From later 1856 and early 1857 detachments of, five men each were sent from each battalion to these depots in order to train, the sepoys in the handling of the new Enfield Rifle. Dalhousie. Page, and dated 12th May 1855-Private Letters of Lord Dalhousie. Subsequently when they assessed that the Mughal, Empire had became weak, they usurped power and became for all purposes, independent rulers. The Indian Sepoy Mutiny of 1857 is also known as the Great Revolt, Indian Rebellion, the Great Uprising and the Great Rebellion of 1857. The Wazir Ali affair was, used by the new EEIC Viceroy Lord Wellesley to pressurize Saadat Ali to. Similarly Sivaji had declared himself a King, independent of the Mughal empire in second half of 17th century. The Bengal Sepoys who belonged to Oudh were a privileged class in, Oudh since they were EEIC employees. 60. 52. 88. 'Petty, parsimony on part of supreme government in matters of allowances provoked a, number of small mutinies in 1843 and 1844. India as a, region has known foreign invaders more frequently than any other region in, world history. according to Shia Tradition when at Ghadir UL Khumm a depression located It is in this regard that the British argument that 1857 was just, a soldier's mutiny is baseless. GUERRILLA WAR HISTORY, how the afghan war is being financed-the grand party. raising of the Punjab Frontier Force vide G.G.O. Born in 1788, Sleeman, joined the East India Company's Bengal Army as an ensign in 1810 at, Allahabad Fort. Four features make it different: (1) The. Thus British government passed Government of India Act 1858 on August 2, 1858, according to which the power that the company enjoyed was snatched and a direct rule was established. In 1857 people belonging to three religions or three broad groups, who were fighting with certain objectives. The probable reason why, the viceroy's brother agreed to only half the territory appears to have been, partly a fear that complete annexation may be perceived as politically, inexpedient being a violation of 1798 between Sir John Shore and Oudh. revolt of 1857 causes and effectsrevolt of 1857 causes and effects pptwhat were the causes and effects of the pueblo revoltrevolt of 1857 causes and effects pdfcauses and effects of the german peasants revolt in 1524revolt of 1857 causes and effects in hindicauses and effects of the peasants revoltrevolt of 1957 nature causes and effectscauses and effects of the dutch revoltcauses and effects of the hungarian revoltrevolt 1857 causes effectspueblo revolt causes and effects 51f937b7a3 THE REVOLT OF 1857: AN IMPACT & UPHEAVAL AGAINST THE BRITISH RULE . For, those who do not know Indian history it is important to specify that the first, Muslim invaders of India i.e., the 'Arabs' were settlers and not plunderers. Pages-3,11, and 19-Cambridge History-Volume VI-Op Cit. Proudly created with Wix.com, Utorrent Movie Download Telugu Har Ek Friend Zaroori Hota Hai, Murli The Unsung Hero 3gp Full Movie Free Download, Great Grand Masti 2012 Telugu Movie Dvdrip Free Download, A Bhangover Movie Subtitle Indonesia Download, Malayalam Sanam Teri Kasam Full Movie Download, Download 3 The HundredFoot Journey Full Movie Subtitle Indonesia Download, OMG Oh My God Sequel HINDI MOVIE With Torrent, Revolt Of 1857 Causes And Effects Pdf Download -> DOWNLOAD (Mirror #1). Page-168 & 169-A Clash of Cultures-Op Cit. 4. Mutinies started right from 1757 but these were over. Mahmud of Ghaznavi was both a plunderer and a settler. The EEIC was above all a commercial organization and, thoughtless, unplanned impulsive expansion figured nowhere in the principles, which guided its foreign policy in India. 85. SPREAD OF THE REVOLT. It is of interest to, note that Akbar the Mughal Emperor had also made an attempt to restrict this, practice. or 9th October 1819.This date was selected because it signified the day, according to Shia tradition when at Ghadir ul Khumm a depression located, between Madina and Mecca Prophet Mohammad (P.B.U.H) paused and revealed to, his assembled companions that Ali would be the first Imam and political, Publishing House-Delhi-1988.The pension was fixed at eleven and half lakh or, 1.15 million Rupees per year.The Marhatas were given the so called Mughal, Emperor Rs 62,000 per month and in these terms the Mughal Emperor received a. pension boost since the sum fixed by the English East India Company was larger! Its very important topic of … English East India Company's Resident to Nawab Vizier of Oudh- 16 March, 1801- 580: 342-Home Miscellaneous Series -Common Wealth Relations Office-, Empires-Op Cit.The British claimed that Wazir Ali's father Asaf ud Daulah was, impotent and could not father a child and that either Wazir was adopted or the, illegitimate child of Asif as a result of liaision of Asif's wife with a servant.The, main thing however was the fact that the English Company decided to use this as, a pretext to remove Wazir Ali after they came to know that Wazir Ali was anti. The results of the great revolt of 1857 A.D. had been far-reaching. The revolt of 1857, also known as the Sepoy mutiny by the Britishers began as a mutiny of Sepoys of the British East India company's army in the Presidency of Bengal.On May 10th, 1857 the Sepoys revolted against their British officers. 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