Little Bluestem is a highly ornamental native grass prized for its blue-green leaf color and upright form. Little bluestem and side oats grama (Bouteloua grama) are the two most common grasses of the Loess Hills in western Iowa. It is a prolific self-seeder and can become invasive with little bluestem in lawns a major competitor to traditional turf grass. No serious pests.  May self seed, sometimes excessively. It also occurs on limey subirrigated sites and in prairie fens. Habitat. It is prized for its small fluffy seed heads and good fall color. The small fruit (caryopsis or grains) form along the spikes that held the flowers.  The fruit have a fluffy appearance due to white hairs. The alternate leaves are 1/4 inch wide and 10 to 14 inches long.  Foliage color can be varied, with some plants being more green and other more blue-green. Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day). “These plants are cultivars of a species that is native to the Chicago Region according to Swink and Wilhelm's Plants of the Chicago Region, with updates made according to current research. 4), even in drier regions, and it grows well on rocky limestone hills and shallow or clay soils. (They dry well, by the way.) Poor grazing for wildlife, but may provide nesting sites for ground-nesting birds. One of the most attractive native grasses, and the state grass of Utah, is Indian rice grass. Prairie Blues (Schizachyrium scoparium 'Prairie Blues'): 3 feet tall with an upright habit; blue gray foliage turns red-orange in fall. Drought tolerant, it requires very little care and is virtually pest and disease free. In fall, its foliage turns bronzy orange. From top level menus, use escape to exit the menu. We grow one species of Schizachyrium, the North American native Schizachyrium scoparium, commonly known as Little Bluestem. Blooms from June-October. Typical native grasses grown as forage in Arkansas include big bluestem (Andropogon gerardii), little bluestem (Schizachyrium scoparium), indiangrass (Sorghastrum nutans), switchgrass (Panicum virgatum), and eastern gamagrass (Tripsacum dactyloides). Little bluestem typically occurs on dry upland sites, especially on ridges, hilltops, and steep slopes. Cooperative Extension prohibits discrimination and harassment on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, sex (including pregnancy), disability, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, and veteran status. Little bluestem is a prairie grass native to Illinois.  It is shorter than many prairie grasses, growing only 2 to 4 feet tall.  It is prized for its small fluffy seed heads and good fall color.Â, "This species is native to the Chicago Region according to Swink and Wilhelm's Plants of the Chicago Region, with updates made according to current research. This is a larval host plant that supports various skipper larvae and Common Wood-Nymph (Cercyonis pegala) which have one brood from late May to October. Grasses are adaptable and can grow in poorer soils better than many other garden plants. Categories: December , February , Filter by Seeding Time , January , July , June , May , Native Grass Fruits are available July-November. Adult Common Wood-Nymph butterflies feed on rotting fruit and flower nectar. Schizachyrium scoparium, commonly called little bluestem, is native to prairies, fields, clearings, hills, limestone glades, roadsides, waste areas and open woods from Alberta to Quebec south to Arizona and Florida.It was one of the dominant grasses of the vast tallgrass prairie region which once covered rich and fertile soils in many parts of central North America. Little bluestem, a vigorous native prairie grass, grows throughout the Great Plains and beyond. Native: Introduced: Both: Absent/Unreported: Native, No County Data: ... little bluestem Schizachyrium scoparium var. Little Bluestem is used in low maintenance mixtures with other lower growing natives for recreational areas, golf courses, roadsides, and wildlife habitat. KR bluestem is common throughout Texas (Fig. A native ornamental grass (Poaceae) with attractive blue-green foliage. The height will vary from one foot up to three … Kleberg bluestem is typically found in Central Texas and in South Texas along the Gulf Coast (Fig. So, no rain gardens! The Morton Arboretum is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit that relies on the generosity of members and donors. This photo was taken in December. Plant Characteristics. Flat linaer leaves 1/4" wide form attractive clumps of light blue at the base turn orange-yellow in fall and persist into winter giving intrest to the landscape. Deer resistant; Cut to the ground in late winter to early spring. Engelmann daisy. In the spring, little bluestem can have crude protein levels higher than 20 percent. Bluestems, Indiangrass, and switchgrass are the most common native warm-season grasses sown in Pennsylvania. Schizachyrium scoparium (syn. Provides excellent cover year round. use escape to move to top level menu parent. Valuable plant for meadow and prairie gardens. The foliage provides excellent color all season-long and creates the perfect backgrop for prairie flowers. Cut back to the ground in early spring to promote new attractive growth. Stems turn a straw color when mature. Little bluestem is a tough, easy-care ornamental grass that’s most beautiful in the fall when its tufts of slim, ¼-inch-wide blue-green leaves turn from rust to wine red and its thin 2- to 3-inch clusters of fuzzy flower spikelets glisten silvery-white in the sun. Jazz (Schizachyrium scoparium 'Jazz'):  2 to 3 feet tall with an upright habit; silvery blue foliage turns mauve purple in fall. Ornamental grasses have become very popular over the last several years. It is a bunch type, native, warm-season, perennial mid grass, with a dense root system, and may reach heights of from 2 to 4 feet tall. Our future. • Kleberg bluestem is typically found in Central Texas and in South Texas along the Gulf Coast (Fig. Little bluestem can be found across most of the United States, where it is native, but it is particularly common in the Great Plains states of Kansas and Oklahoma. Little bluestem, Schizachyrium scoparium, is a North American prairie native found throughout the 48 contiguous states, except for the far western, coastal areas.As its name suggests, this perennial has silvery-blue stems (particularly at the base) and leaves, making it an attractive addition to the landscape. Little bluestem grows in a wide range of soil types as long as they are not wet.  Tolerate of both alkaline and acid soils.  Good drought tolerance. It is well-adapted to southern climates as it tolerates high heat and humidity. In some areas, it is also known as "beard grass." " Â. Insects, Diseases and Other Plant Problems:  This plant suffers from too much mulch near the crown. It is found naturally in a wide range of moist to dry habitats. Leaves are flat, often folded along the midrib, 6–10 inches long, less than ¼-inch wide, and bluish-green through early Leaves: blades 2–5 mm wide; ligule 1–3 mm long. Little bluestem is an upright grass that grows from 2 to 4 feet tall.  It is a clumping grass. Little Bluestem grows well on a variety of soil types, including Deep, shallow, sandy, fine textured, and rocky soils. Little Bluestem is a perennial, warm-season grass that may grow to 5 feet. Our trees. This plant has some cultivated varieties. This warm-season grass’ native prairie habitat has almost disappeared, but don’t worry. Sideoats grama. Stop by, email, or call. Little bluestem is a prairie grass native to Illinois. It is found in many types of soil but is particularly adapted to well-drained, nearly infertile soil which makes it an excellent erosion barrier. Read on for little bluestem information so you can decide if this interesting plant is right for your landscape. Big bluestem . The King Ranch Bluestem is a bunchgrass that grows in tufts with erect or spreading culms 18-48 inches tall. Illinois bundleflower. Little bluestem. Clumping plants produce half-inch wide leaves on upright stems in a unique light blue coloring. Read our Commitment to Diversity | Read our Privacy Statement. Duration: Perennial. Images. We do not seem to have this in our living collection. Little bluestem grows 2 to 4 feet tall. In fall plants turn a showy coppery orange overall. This is a warm season grass, so its most active growth occurs in summer.  It will remain standing in winter and can act as winter interest. Little bluestem plant is a native grass to North America. They establish quickly on disturbed soilsperfect for banks, slopes, and restorations. Within a submenu, use escape to move to top level menu parent. Go to list of cultivars. Little Bluestem A warm-season perennial grass that is used for forage, prairie restoration, highway right-a-ways, and wildlife habitat. Seeds are eaten by songbirds and small mammals. Andropogon scoparius). Use enter to activate. Leaves are thicker near the collar and the upper surface is covered with long, silky hairs. There are many cultivars available, which means it can be difficult to find the straight species in trade. In central and western Nebraska it grows in bunches and is sometimes called "bunch grass." It is found naturally in a wide range of moist to dry habitats. The Blues (Schizachyrium scoparium 'The Blues'):  3 feet tall with an upright habit; blue foliage with red accents on stem; fall color is a mix of blue, purple and orange. NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to Stems 30–100 cm, often red or rust colored when mature; sheaths flattened and keeled. 3), is air salinity tolerant and does best on loamy to clay Prairie Munchkin (Schizachyrium scoparium 'Prairie Munchkin'): 2 1/2 feet tall with a narrow, columnar habit; silvery blue foliage turns maroon and orange in fall. Densely mounded, Little Bluestem reaches … 3), is air salinity tolerant and does best on loamy to clay soils. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. Used for forage, prairie restoration, highway right-a-ways, and the state grass Utah... For prairie flowers and yellow-orange leaves make for Great fall interest in the landscape and flower nectar website! Regions, and restorations is tough and adaptable, tolerant of a range soil... Often red or rust colored when mature ; sheaths flattened and keeled areas receiving to. 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